Skin Care Basics

Skin care is an array of practices that support and enhance your skin’s health. It can include nutrition, avoiding excessive sun exposure and appropriate use of emollients.

A great skin care routine helps to keep your skin looking its best and promotes self-confidence. So, whether you’re a wash, rinse, repeat person or a burgeoning skincare expert, we’ve rounded up the best products to add to your arsenal (in no particular order).


Cleansing your face is an important part of any skin care routine. It helps remove impurities from the surface of the skin that may otherwise prevent the absorption of other skincare products.

Cleansers come in various forms, from “micellar waters” to foaming gels, creams and balms. The right cleanser will work with your skin’s unique oil and water levels, helping to maintain a healthy pH balance.

If you have oily skin, a gel-based cleanser will help to remove excess sebum from the pores and prevent breakouts. For dry and sensitive skin, choose a creamy or balm-based cleanser that will gently nourish and hydrate the skin.

Cleansing is a daily ritual that is becoming more popular among skincare fans. Many celebrities and politicians have endorsed the double cleanse, which calls for using natural oils to wash away makeup before washing your face with a gentle facial soap or water-based cleanser.


Exfoliation is the process of removing dead skin cells from your face, revealing fresher and younger looking skin beneath. It is a natural part of the body’s renewal cycle, which keeps your skin healthy and glowing at any age.

Without exfoliation, the dead skin cells accumulate on the surface, blocking the pores and preventing the newer cells from reaching the surface. Over time, this can lead to clogged pores, blemishes, breakouts and dry skin.

Chemical or physical exfoliation helps rid the skin of these dead cells to help keep it hydrated and radiant. It can be an effective addition to your routine, but it’s important to know what type of exfoliator your skin needs and how often to use it.

If you’re unsure about how to exfoliate your skin, consult with a dermatologist who can help you determine the best method for your specific skin type. Whether you choose to use a facial scrub, exfoliating mitt or exfoliating gel, it’s essential to remember that over-exfoliation can irritate the skin and cause redness or acne breakouts.


Serums are a great way to give your skin extra nourishment without the need for an entire moisturizer. They’re super-concentrated and nutrient-dense treatments that target specific skin concerns, so they’re ideal for those looking to get serious results.

They can tackle all sorts of problems from acne to wrinkles and discolouration. They’re easily absorbed and can help quickly deliver the benefits you need to get better looking skin.

Unlike moisturizers, which can block pores and clog them up, serums are usually water-based and absorb faster without leaving any residue behind.

Anti-aging- The most common type of serum you’ll see contains retinol to speed up cell turnover and reduce fine lines. You can also look for ones that contain antioxidants, like tea polyphenols or resveratrol.

If you have dry skin, try a hydrating serum that includes hyaluronic acid to lock in moisture. Or choose one with glycolic acid, which exfoliates dead skin cells and leaves skin brighter and smoother.


Moisturizers prevent dryness, make the skin look and feel more youthful, and help hide signs of aging like wrinkles. In addition, they decrease inflammation and protect the skin from outside harmful agents.

To get the most out of moisturizers, it’s important to apply them properly. That means washing your face with a cleanser that adequately removes sweat, dirt, oil, and makeup and applying the moisturizer before you pat dry.

The best moisturizers for your skin should contain emollients and humectants, which lock in moisture to keep the surface of the skin soft and smooth. It’s also a good idea to choose ones that are fragrance-free, since fragrance can irritate the skin and cause redness and sensitivity.

There are many moisturizers for all skin types and it’s a good idea to try a few different ones before choosing the right one for you. Just remember to patch test before using any new product, since you can’t tell if it’ll be too heavy or clog your pores without first seeing how it feels.


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